farz wajib mahkrooh of namaz(salat,prayers)according to hanafi fiqh

farz of namaz

There are seven action within Namaz which are Farz.
1.        Takbeer-e-Tahrima - meaning the first 'Allah-o-Akbar' (or any other word which would praise Allah) with
which the Namaz begins
2.        Qayaam - meaning to stand until the Farz Qiraayat is completed
3.        Qiraayat - meaning to pray at least one verse of the Holy Quran
4.        Rukooh - meaning to bend so that that the hands reach the knees
5.        Sujood - meaning the forehead to firmly touch the ground and at least one toe on each foot to be flat so
that it's base is touching the ground and it's tip is pointing towards the Qibla
6.        Qaidah-e-Akhira - meaning when the Rakats of Namaz are completed to sit for the duration it takes so the
whole of Tashahhud (attahiyat) is completed until 'Rusooluh'
7.        Khurooj-e-Be'sunoo'i - meaning after Qaida-e-Akhira to perform an action with which the Namaz would
finish, whether that be Salaam or to talk etc.

Wajib (necessary) actions of Namaz

1.        In the Takbeer-e-Tahrima to use the words 'Allah-o-Akbar'
2.        To pray the whole of the Alhamdo Surat.
3.        To join a Surat or a verse (Ayat) with Alhamdo. In a Farz Namaz for the first two Rakats and in a Witr,
Sunnat or Nafl Namaz in all the Rakats.
4.        To pray before a Surat or Ayat, Alhamdo only once.
5.        Between Alhamdo and a Surat not to pray anything except 'Ameen' and Bismillah...
6.        To go into Rukoo as soon as the Qirayat is finished
7.        To perform one Sijdah after another without having a delayed gap in between. The gap must be no longer
than one Rukun, meaning the time it takes someone to say 'Subhanallah' three times.
8.        To pause between actions, meaning a gap of time the same as at least one 'Subhanallah' between, Rukoo,
Sijdah, Quwmaa and Jalsa.
9.        Quwma, meaning to stand up straight after Rukoo.
10.        When in Sijdah to have three toes on each foot to be flat on the ground and the tips pointing towards
Qibla.
11.        Jalsa, meaning to sit up between two Sijdahs.
12.        Qaidah-e-Oola, meaning to sit after two Rakats, if there are more than two Rakats in a Namaz, whether it is
a Nafl (voluntary) Namaz.
13.        Not to continue further after Tashahhud (Attahiyat) in a Qaida-e-Oola for a Farz, Witr or Sunnat-e-
Maukida Namaz.
14.        To pray in both Qaidahs the whole of Tashahhud, in fact, regardless of the amount of Qaidahs in a Namaz
to pray the whole of Tashahhud is Wajib, if even one word is left out of Attahiytat the Wajib will be missed.
15.        In both Salaams the word Salaam is Wajib, the words 'Alaikum Wa Rahmutullah' is not Wajib.
16.        To pray 'Dua-e-Kunoot' in Witr.
17.        To perform Takbeer in Kunoot (To lift your hands and say Allah-o-Akbar in the third Rakat of Witr).
18.        All six Takbeers of Eid Namaz's
19.        The Takbeers in the second rakat of the Eid Namaz and for them to have the words 'Allah-o-Akbar.
20.        The Imam to pray loudly in all Jehri Namaz and to pray quietly in non Jehri Namaz.
21.        To pray all Farz and Wajib Namaz in routine (meaning to pray the before one's before and the after one's
after).
22.        To perform only one Rukoo in every rakat and to perform only two Sijdahs.
23.        Not to perform a Qaidah before two rakats and not to perform a Qaida in the third rakat if it is a four rakat
Namaz.
24.        To perform Sijdah-e-Tilawat if an Ayat of Sijdah has been prayed.
25.        If there has been an error (where a Wajib has been missed) then to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo.
26.        There is not to be a gap between two Farz actions or between two Wajib actions or a Farz and a Wajib
actions longer than the time it takes to say Subhanallah three times.
27.        If the Imam is performing Qirayat, whether it is loudly or quietly, the Muqtadees to remain completely quiet.
28.        Except for Qirayat, to follow the Imam in all the Wajibs.
Except for the Farz and Wajib actions, all the rest of the actions mentioned in the method of Namaz are either
Sunnat or Mustahhab. They should not be missed on purpose, and if they are missed by mistake then it is not
necessary to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo nor repeat the Namaz. If however, you repeated the Namaz then it is a good
thing. If you want to know in more detail the Sunnats and Mustahhabs then read either Bahar-e-Shariat or Fatawa-
e-Razvia

SIJDAH-E-SAHOO (SIJDAH FOR FAULTS)
When is Sijdah-e-Sahoo Wajib ?
If those actions which are Wajib in Namaz are not performed by mistake, it is Wajib to perform the Sijdah-e-Sahoo
to substitute for the action missed.
Method of performing Sijdah-e-Sahoo

The method of performing this is, when you finish praying 'Attahiyat' in the last Qaidah, turn your head to the right
side and then perform two Sijdahs. Then repeat Attahiyat from the beginning and complete your Namaz.
•        Rule: If a Wajib was missed and you did not perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and completed the Namaz, then it is
Wajib to repeat the Namaz. Rule: If a Wajib is missed deliberately, then a to perform A Sijdah-e-Sahoo would not
be sufficient and therefore it would be Wajib to repeat the Namaz. Rule: If any of the Farz actions are missed, then
Sijdah-e-Sahoo would not compensate for them and therefore the Namaz would not count and to repeat the Namaz
would be Farz.

Actions which by missing would not make the Sijdah-e-Sahoo necessary
•        Rule: If the actions that are Sunnat or Mustahhab in Namaz are missed, such as 'Ta'awwuz', 'Tasmee'
'Aameen', 'Takbeers when changing positions', the Tasbeehs (of Rukoo and Sijdahs) etc. it would not make it
necessary to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo, but the Namaz would count [Radd-ul-Mohtar, Guniya]. However, it would be
better to repeat it.

•        Rule: If in one Namaz many Wajibs are missed, then the two Sijdahs of Sahoo would be sufficient, it is not
necessary to perform a Sijdah-e-Sahoo for ever Wajib missed [Radd-ul-Mohtar, etc.].
•        Rule: If in the first Qaidah after Attahiyat and before standing for the third Rakat there is a delay as long as it
takes to pray 'Allahumma Salleh Ala Muhammad' then Sijdah-e-Sahoo would become Wajib, whether you pray it or
not, in both situations Sijdah-e-Sahoo would become Wajib [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
•        Rule: If in Qiraayat etc at any time you start thinking and there is a gap long enough for someone to say
'Subhanallah' three times, then it would be Wajib to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
•        Rule: If you think that the first Qaidah is the last Qaidah in a four Rakat Namaz and you perform Salaam and
then remember and stand back up and complete the Namaz, you must perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo [Alamgiri]. If you
forgot to pause between actions then Sijdah-e-Sahoo is Wajib [Hindiya].

•        Rule: If a Muqtadee had not completed his 'Attahiyat' and the Imam stood up for the third Rakat, it is
necessary for the Muqtadee to complete his Attahiyat, regardless of whether it causes delay.
•        Rule: If the Muqtadee had not prayed the Tasbeeh in a Rukoo or Sijdah three times and the Imam finished it
and stood up, it is necessary for the Muqtadee to stand up and not finish the rest of the Tasbeeh.
•        Rule: If a person forgot to perform the first Qaidah and had only started standing up then he should sit back
down and pray Attahiyat and the Namaz would be correct, a Sijdah-e-Sahoo would not be necessary. If however,
he stood up and was close to completely, standing then he should stand up and continue with his Namaz and then
finally perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo [Shareh Waqia, Hidaaya etc].

•        Rule: If you forgot to perform the last Qaidah and had not yet performed a Sijdah for the extra Rakat then
you should sit back down straight away and perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo. If however, you had performed a Sijdah for
the extra Rakat then except for Maghrib you can join another Rakat and they would all count as Nafl, because your
Farz Namaz would not count and therefore you would have to pray the Farz Namaz again [Hidaaya, Shareh Waqia].
•        Rule: If in the last Qaidah you prayed Tasahhud and then stood back up, you should sit straight back down
and as long as you have not performed a Sijdah for the extra Rakat, perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and complete the
Namaz. If however, you had performed a Sijdah in the extra Rakat, your Farz Namaz would still count but you
should join another Rakat and then finally perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and the last two Rakats would count as Nafl, but
do not join another Rakat for Maghrib Namaz [Hidaaya, Shareh Waqia].

•        Rule: If in one Rakat you performed three Sijdahs or two Rukoos or forgot the first Qaidah then perform
Sijdah-e-Sahoo.
•        Rule: Order of sequence is obligatory in Qayam, Rukoo, Sijdah and the last Qaidah, therefore, if you
performed Rukoo before you performed Qayam then this Rukoo is cancelled and will not count and if then you
perform another Rukoo your Namaz will count otherwise it will not, and in the same way if you performed Sijdah
before the Rukoo and then performed the Rukoo and performed the Sijdah again after, then the Namaz will count.
•        Rule: Order of sequence is obligatory in Qayam, Rukoo, Sijdah and the last Qaidah meaning, whichever is
due first should be done first and whichever is due next should be done next and if this done in,the wrong order
then the Namaz will not count, for example, if someone performed Sijdah before Rukoo then their Namaz will not
count, however, if they performed the Sijdah again after the Rukoo meaning they rectified the order of sequence
again then their Namaz will count. In the same way if they perform Rukoo before Qayam and they stand back in
Qayam and then perform another Rukoo, their Namaz will count Radd-ul-Mohtar].

All Qaidahs in Nafl Namaz are
counted as last Qaidahs and therefore are obligatory and so if you forgot to perform a Qaidah and stood up then
as long as you have not performed a Sijdah for the new Rakat sit back down and perform the Qaidah and then
perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and all Wajib Namaz are in the same rule as Farz Namaz, therefore if you forget to
perform the first Qaidah of Witr then the same rule applies as a Farz Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
•        Rule: If you forgot to pray Dua-e-Kunoot or forgot to perform the Takbeer-e-Kunoot then perform Sijdah-e-
Sahoo. Takbeer-e-Kunoot means the Takbeer that is said in the third Rakat after Qirat and is done and then Dua-
e-Kunoot is prayed [Alamgiri].

THE MAKROOHS OF NAMAZ

To play with the clothes, body or beard is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi.
To fold your clothing. To lift your clothing up from the front or behind when going into Sijdah even if it is getting in
the way it is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi, if it is not getting in the way then it is even more Makrooh.
To hang a piece of clothing whereby both ends are hanging, like from the head or shoulders, such as a scarf etc.
then this is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi.
If you did not put your arms through the sleeves ana just let them hang, then this is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. [Durr-e-
Mukhtar].

The order of hanging clothes in Namaz
•        Rule: To put a handkerchief on the shoulder whereby one end is hanging in front and the other hanging at
the back is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi.
•        Rule: To wear a shawl or blanket whereby both ends are hanging down from each shoulder is not allowed
and is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. However, if one end is hanging from one shoulder and the other is wrapped round the
body and goes back over the shoulder, then there is no harm [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
•        Rule: To fold a piece of clothing (sleeves or trouser leg) upwards or inwards is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi, whether it
was done before praying Namaz or whilst in Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar].

•        Rule: For a male to pray Namaz whilst having the hair tied in a knot is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi, and if he does this
whilst praying Namaz then the Namaz will break.
•        Rule: To move stones whilst praying Namaz is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. However, if you cannot perform the Sijdah
as per the Sunnat then it is Sunnat to move them once. If you cannot perform the Wajib aspects of the Sijdah then
it is Wajib to move them as many times necessary to perform the Sijdah properly [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
•        Rule: To interlock the fingers meaning to insert one hand's fingers into another hand's fingers is Makrooh-e-
Tahrimi [Durr-e-Mukhtar etc], to do this whilst going to Namaz or whilst waiting for Namaz is also Makrooh.
•        Rule: To put your hands on your hips is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi and you should not do this outside of Namaz
[Durr-e-Mukhtar].

•        Rule: To move your head from one side to another is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi, even if it is only a small movement.
If you do not move your head but just your eyeballs and is without reason then it is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi, if however,
you look for a reason to ensure your safety etc. then there is no harm. To look upto the sky is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi.
•        Rule: To sit between Tashahhud and Sijdah like a dog (meaning to join the knees with the chest and to lay
the arms flat on the ground) and for men to lay their arms flat when performing Sijdah is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi.
•        Rule: To wrap yourself inside your clothes or a blanket whereby your hands cannot be seen is Makrooh-e-
Tahrimi. Also to do this outside of Namaz is also Makrooh and in a place of danger it is forbidden. To hide your
mouth and face is also Makrooh-e-Tahrimi. To pray Namaz whilst someone is sat in front of you facing you is
Makrooh-e-Tahrimi.